Podiatry medicine is a field of medicine devoted to diagnosing, treating, and preventing disorders of the feet, ankle, lower limb, and toes. It is also called orthopedics, physio-kinesiology, or podiatry. The term podiatry has come from the Greek words pous meaning “foot” and iatreia, meaning “to heal”. The field of podiatry came into being during the 19th century from the practice of surgery and medicine in military camps. For example, Dr Robinson, an American Army surgeon, invented a plaster cast to diagnose musculoskeletal disorders such as gout and arthritis.
Podiatry uses the same surgical tools used in surgery, including laser technology, scalpels, bandages, scissors, and knives. In addition, podiatry also uses non-surgical and surgical techniques such as applying orthotics, making casts of the feet, using x-ray machines and using surgical shoe inserts. Most commonly, podiatry treats pain, fractures, swelling and deformities caused by accidents or sports-related trauma. It also treats sprains, strains, bruises, bone fractures, corns and calluses, warts, skin tags, warts removed by surgery, and other disorders and diseases. Podiatrists often work closely with physicians, surgeons, and other specialists to treat a variety of ailments.
While podiatry Adelaide is not considered a subspecialty of general medicine, there are many areas of overlap. Many orthopedic surgeons perform podiatry alongside other surgeries. Podiatry doctors can obtain degrees in podiatry at colleges specialising in podiatry and at the undergraduate level and via online courses. Podiatry graduates will often continue their education at traditional medical schools or begin as family practitioners or rheumatologists. Podiatrist-diagnosed conditions may occasionally warrant the referral to an arthritis specialist or orthopedist, and podiatrist-diagnosed conditions should be referred to an experienced rheumatologist or neurologist for a proper diagnosis.
There are several steps required for those wishing to enter the field of podiatry. To enrol in a podiatry school, you will need to meet basic educational requirements, including a high school diploma or its equivalent. You will also need to pass the NCLEX-PN (practical) exam and complete a residency in orthopaedics. The length of a residency program is usually two to three years, though some programs last longer. After completing a podiatry school, you will have the option to take an examination to become a licensed podiatrist.
After completing a podiatry residency, you will enter the graduate program of your choice. At a typical podiatry school, students will study both anatomy and medical terminology. They will also learn about the theory behind podiatry, including biomechanics, kinesiology, physiology, and psychology. In addition, students will take general studies, diagnostic procedures, electives in human biology and family practice, surgery, sports medicine, radiology, and pharmacy. The clinical portion of the podiatry program requires students to take a year of general surgery to become licensed podiatrists. In addition, students will usually have to pass a board certification exam to become full-fledged podiatrists.
As a podiatrist, you will most likely treat different types of foot injuries. Most of your patients will be middle-aged and male. However, in some cases, you will deal with severe foot injuries that require surgical intervention. One type of procedure you might work on is ingrown toenails. In this procedure, a podiatrist will remove a toenail that has been injured because of an ingrown toenail.